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Glaucoma is a dreaded eye disease, and for good reason. This condition can lurk undetected for years, slowly but surely damaging your eyes and setting the stage for irreversible vision loss and possibly even blindness. But even if this disorder doesn't reveal itself through obvious symptoms right away, that doesn't mean you can’t catch it early and take steps to get it under control. Our optometrists at Forsight Vision (Dr. Todd Cohan or Dr. Emily Pott) can administer the necessary exams and glaucoma treatment to help you preserve your eyesight for years to come. We are located in the Grove Medical Center, near Arlington Heights, Buffalo Grove, Deer Park, Hawthorn Woods, Kildeer, Lake Zurich, Lincolnshire, Mundelein, Palatine, Riverwoods and Vernon Hills.
Glaucoma degrades your vision by attacking the sensitive optic nerves that send all incoming visual information to the brain's vision center. The optic nerves are bundles of thin, delicate nerve fibers. When pressure inside the eye becomes excessive, that pressure can damage the nerve fibers. Eventually enough destruction occurs to impair your vision, with peripheral vision typically impacted first.
Why would there be too much pressure in your eye? The eyeball is filled filled aqueous humor, a fluid it is constantly producing. Ducts in the eye's iris normally expel excess fluid as needed to balance the intraocular pressure. If the drainage is impaired or sluggish, fluid pressure grows in the eye, causing damage to the optic nerves. This condition is called wide-angle glaucoma. Another condition called narrow-angle glaucoma can cause the ducts to get completely blocked, an emergency situation that can cause swift and sudden vision loss without immediate treatment. But most glaucoma sufferers have the wide-angle variety, and this is the type that can cause damage for years before you even realize you have a problem.
Since you can't necessarily tell whether you have glaucoma without a professional eye exam, it's critical that you schedule these exams on a regular basis to minimize the amount of permanent damage it can cause before it's diagnosed. Your Long Grove optometrist use a technique called tonometry to accurately measure the fluid pressure inside your eyes. If the pressure significantly exceeds 20 mm Hg, we will perform additional evaluations and tests to see whether your optic nerves and vision have been affected. We also utilize the latest Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) technology that helps diagnose glaucoma up to 7 years earlier than other diagnostic methods.
If you're diagnosed with glaucoma, rest assured that your Long Grove optometrist at Forsight Vision can provide you with the most effective glaucoma treatment options for your individual case. For many patients, medicated drops are highly effective at improving fluid drainage, lowering fluid production or both. Oral drugs are a second line of defense that may be prescribed alongside eye drops to keep fluid production, and thus glaucoma, under control. Even if these strategies aren't enough, we can still refer you for a quick, painless laser surgery to enhance your eye's drainage efficiency.
The first step in protecting your eyes against glaucoma is catching it as early as possible. Call Forsight Vision at (847) 955-9393 to schedule an appointment with an optometrist. We are located in the Grove Medical Center, near Arlington Heights, Buffalo Grove, Deer Park, Hawthorn Woods, Kildeer, Lake Zurich, Lincolnshire, Mundelein, Palatine, Riverwoods and Vernon Hills.
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