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Diabetic Eye Disease Diagnosis and Treatment at Forsight Vision in Long Grove

Diabetic eye disease or diabetes of the eyes occurs due to excessively high blood sugar levels. It is a catch-all phrase that encompasses diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema, both of which cause vision loss and/or impairment if they are left untreated. Our optometrist in Long Grove can examine the back of your eyes to determine if you have any diabetic eye diseases.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy falls into two categories, including non-proliferative and proliferative. Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy is the first stage in the disease process. It occurs when the walls of the blood vessels in the back of the eye start to weaken, bulge and leak.

Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is the severe form of the disease. The blood vessels in the back of the eye are no longer able to supply enough oxygen or nutrients to the retina. The body attempts to remedy this condition by growing new blood vessels. Unfortunately, these blood vessels are not as robust and leak easily.

Diabetic Macular Edema

As the blood vessels continue to leak, they can lead to excess fluid build-up behind the macula, which is called diabetic macular edema. The macula is responsible for your central vision.

Symptoms of Diabetes of the Eye

Diabetes of the eye causes vision loss and blindness if it is not treated and normal blood sugar levels are not maintained.

  • Blurry Vision
  • Floaters
  • Loss of Central Vision
  • Poor Night Vision
  • Noticeable or Sudden Changes in Vision

Slowing the Progression of Diabetic Eye Disease

If you have diabetic eye disease, there are things you can do to slow the progression and preserve your remaining vision. The first step is controlling your blood sugar levels with help from your family doctor. This may include taking medication, sticking to a diabetic diet and exercising regularly. Smoking cessation and reducing alcohol consumption will positively impact your blood sugar levels. You will also want to schedule regular appointments with our optometrist in Long Grove to monitor your diabetic eye disease.

Diabetic Eye Exams with our Optometrist in Long Grove

Diabetic eye exams with our optometrist in Long Grover are more detailed than a regular comprehensive eye exam. Along with visual acuity testing, we will also take pictures of the back of your eye. This may include eye dilation. The pictures are used to diagnose diabetic eye disease and monitor its progression to provide you with timely treatment options. We also will utilize Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), a scanning retinal laser, to observe your sub-retinal inflammation.

Because your high-blood sugar is the cause of the damage in your eye, the best form of treatment involves keeping your blood sugar within the normal ranges through medication, diet and exercise. If your diabetic eye disease progresses to the most severe stages, we may recommend intraocular injections and/or laser surgery.

To schedule a comprehensive eye exam to check for diabetic retinopathy, call us at 847-955-9393. We are located in the Grove Medical Center, near Arlington Heights, Buffalo Grove, Deer Park, Hawthorn Woods, Kildeer, Lake Zurich, Lincolnshire, Mundelein, Palatine, Riverwoods and Vernon Hills.

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